Important rules of English grammar for competitive exams | TeamWrotes
Welcome friends to on our English Blog website. Today we will learn about important rules of English grammar , It will be very useful and helpful for any competitive exams. It’s very easy to understand. Please read carefully and if like it please share with friends.
25 Most Important rules of English grammar for competitive exams
In competitive exams, the perfection in English is checked by various ways e.g. giving choices, replacing underlined portion of a sentence by selecting from the options, finding the faults etc. All these things are not as simple as they apparently look so. All the choices given in the examination look alike and all seem to be correct but only one is perfectly matching. To solve these ques tions you must have thorough knowledge of English, its rules, gram mar and construction of sentences. You need to know many words, their meanings plus their proper uses also. Some important rules are given below, try to understand them thoroughly.
1. A Verb must agree to (be as per) the Subject Number (singular or plural) and Person.
- The height of the trees was not so much.
- The colour of the buildings was pink.
- The salary of the teachers is very high.
- My knowledge of Indian languages is beyond imagination.
- A group of boys is (not are) singing.
- The memoranda are (not is) are handed over to the Governor.
2. Two or more singular nouns or pronouns joined by ‘and’ require a plural verb.
- Gold and silver are costly metals,
- Fire and water do not agree.
- Are your father and mother at home?
- She and I were studying together.
3. When the nouns suggest one idea to the mind, or refer to the same person or thing then the verb is singular.
- Time and luck changes our life.
- The car and driver is there.
- Bread and butter is his only food.
- Respect and satisfaction is my reward.
- The rise and fall is part of life.
4. Words joined to a singular subject by with, as well as, etc.. are parenthetical (explanation), so the verb is singular.
- The car, with its accessories, is sold.
- The house, with its furniture, was purchased.
- Copper, as well as brass, is in demand.
- English, as well as Arabic, is taught here.
5. Two or more singular subjects connected by or or nor acquire a singular verbs.
- His tragedy or his sorrow is largely due to his own deeds.
- Either he or his wife has been here.
- Neither he nor she was there.
- Neither money nor fame seems to affect her.
6. When one of the subjects joined by or or nor is plural, the verb must be plural, and the plural subject should be placed near to the verb.
- Neither the principal nor the lecturers have come.
- Neither the crow nor the sparrows are seen here.
- Either a boy or a few girls are required to clean the room.
- MP or MLAs are responsible for the security of the district.
7. When the subject joined by or or nor are of different per sons, the verb agrees with the nearer.
- Either she or I am punished..
- (She is punished, or else I am.) Either you or he is promoted.
- (You are promoted, or else he is.) Neither you nor she is to act in this film.
- (She is not to act in this film, nor are you.) Neither my friend nor I am to give a speech.
- (My friend is not to give a speech, nor am I.)
8. ‘Either, neither, each, everyone, many a’must be followed by a singular verb. ‘Either, neither, each, everyone,
- Neither of the two girls was beautiful.
- Each of these horses is found in India.
- Many a man wants to be rich.
- Every one of the boys loves to play.
- Many a woman does not know her drawbacks.